Aiglet: Metal 'cone'-shaped
tips attached to the ends of a point.
Arming Cap: Padded skull-cap used as a liner under a sallet.
Arming Doublet: Padded jacket with additional points
from which harness is attached.
Arming Point: Lace made from
leather or waxed linen twine, used to attach harness
Arming Sword: Sword used as a principal weapon by a
Backplate: Armour made from
plate to protect the back of the torso.
Basinet: An open faced helmet, conical in shape with
extended back and sides.
Bastard Sword: A sword which the wielder may use with
one or both hands.
Bevor: Used to protect the throat. Made of plate and
worn with a sallet.
Bill: A pole weapon (based on the poles used by
labourers for hedging) with a broad blade with spike at front and rear.
Bodkin: Armour piercing arrow-head (not barbed).
Bollock Dagger: a knife or dagger with a somewhat
phallic shaped hilt.
Breastplate: Armour made of plate to protect the chest
Brigandine: A 'body-vest' made of small, riveted pieces
of plate covered with fabric and lined.
Broad-head: A type of arrow-head with long barbs used
for hunting and against horses in battle.
Commission of Array: Method used for raising armies.
Couter: Plate elbow protector
Cuirass: Plate armour consisting of a breastplate and
Cuisse: Armour made of plate to protect the thigh.
Cullet: Additional plate to
protect the lower back when used in conjunction with a backplate.
Falchion: A short, single sided sword with cleaver like
Gambeson: 14th Century, knee length padded coat, the
pre-cursor of the jack.
Gauntlet: Plate armour for hand and wrist.
Glaive: A pole weapon with cleaver blade and rondel.
Gorget: Plate collar used as a neck guard
Greave: Plate protection for the shin and lower leg.
Harness: Jointed plate armour either for the arms and
shoulders or for the legs.
Jack: A heavily padded jacket
consisting of a fabric outer and lining. In between these many layers of
fabric were used as padding.
Lame: A steel strip used to give plate armour flexibility
at the joints.
Livery: A pre-cursor of the modern uniform. The colours
and badges were used to denote the employer (e.g. a lord)
Mail: A type of armour. Riveted iron
rings are tightly inter-linked to fashion shirts, standards etc.
Mail Shirt: Armour made of mail
consisting of a hip, thigh or knee length body section with half,
three-quarter or full length sleeves
Pauldron: Plate armour overlapping the chest and back to
protect the shoulder
Pike: A long spear used by infantry.
Plackart: Plate armour to protect the stomach.
Point: A lace made
from linen, leather or silk. (see also 'arming
Poleyn: Plate armour to protect the knee
Pollaxe: A pole weapon combining a spear and hammer at
Pommel: The end of the sword hilt, weighted to give the
Rondel: A disc on weapons to
protect the hand.
Rondel Dagger: A dagger with two rondels
at each end of the hilt.
Rump-guard: A single piece of plate armour which hangs
from the cullet.
Sabaton: Plate armour protecting the feet.
Sallet: A helmet, either
open-faced or with visor. Incorporates a tail at the rear.
Side-wing: used to protect the inside of the elbow or
Spaulder: Plate armour to protect the shoulder.
Standard: Lined leather collar with mail attached to
protect the wearer's neck and throat.
Vambrace: Plate armour to protect the arm.