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The Company of Saint Sebastian

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Glossary

 


 

Aiglet: Metal 'cone'-shaped tips attached to the ends of a point.

Arming Cap: Padded skull-cap used as a liner under a sallet.

Arming Doublet: Padded jacket with additional points from which harness is attached.

Arming Point: Lace made from leather or waxed linen twine, used to attach harness and armour.

Arming Sword: Sword used as a principal weapon by a knight.

Backplate: Armour made from plate to protect the back of the torso.

Basinet: An open faced helmet, conical in shape with extended back and sides.

Bastard Sword: A sword which the wielder may use with one or both hands.

Bevor: Used to protect the throat. Made of plate and worn with a sallet.

Bill: A pole weapon (based on the poles used by labourers for hedging) with a broad blade with spike at front and rear.

Bodkin: Armour piercing arrow-head (not barbed).

Bollock Dagger: a knife or dagger with a somewhat phallic shaped hilt.

Breastplate: Armour made of plate to protect the chest and torso.

Brigandine: A 'body-vest' made of small, riveted pieces of plate covered with fabric and lined.

Broad-head: A type of arrow-head with long barbs used for hunting and against horses in battle.

Commission of Array: Method used for raising armies.

Couter: Plate elbow protector

Cuirass: Plate armour consisting of a breastplate and backplate.

Cuisse: Armour made of plate to protect the thigh.

Cullet: Additional plate to protect the lower back when used in conjunction with a backplate.

Falchion: A short, single sided sword with cleaver like edge.

Gambeson: 14th Century, knee length padded coat, the pre-cursor of the jack.

Gauntlet: Plate armour for hand and wrist.

Glaive: A pole weapon with cleaver blade and rondel.

Gorget: Plate collar used as a neck guard

Greave: Plate protection for the shin and lower leg.

 

Harness: Jointed plate armour either for the arms and shoulders or for the legs.

Jack: A heavily padded jacket consisting of a fabric outer and lining. In between these many layers of fabric were used as padding.

Lame: A steel strip used to give plate armour flexibility at the joints.

Livery: A pre-cursor of the modern uniform. The colours and badges were used to denote the employer (e.g. a lord)

Mail: A type of armour. Riveted iron rings are tightly inter-linked to fashion shirts, standards etc.

Mail Shirt: Armour made of mail consisting of a hip, thigh or knee length body section with half, three-quarter or full length sleeves

Pauldron: Plate armour overlapping the chest and back to protect the shoulder

Pike: A long spear used by infantry.

Plackart: Plate armour to protect the stomach.

Point: A lace made from linen, leather or silk. (see also 'arming points')

Poleyn: Plate armour to protect the knee

Pollaxe: A pole weapon combining a spear and hammer at the head.

Pommel: The end of the sword hilt, weighted to give the sword balance.

Rondel: A disc on weapons to protect the hand.

Rondel Dagger: A dagger with two rondels at each end of the hilt.

Rump-guard: A single piece of plate armour which hangs from the cullet.

Sabaton: Plate armour protecting the feet.

Sallet: A helmet, either open-faced or with visor. Incorporates a tail at the rear.

Side-wing: used to protect the inside of the elbow or knee.

Spaulder: Plate armour to protect the shoulder.

Standard: Lined leather collar with mail attached to protect the wearer's neck and throat.

Vambrace: Plate armour to protect the arm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image: Glossary of terms


Note about the Glossary

This glossary is by no-means extensive, but is intended to give some basic information about some of the terms used in re-enactment.

At present it's in its infancy and we hope to expand it further. Any suggestions or contributions would be welcome.

 

 

Make a commentLet us know what else we need to list.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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This site was designed by WW Forsythe and is Company of Saint Sebastian, 2009. All photographs and other artwork are property of their respective owners, used with permission and credited accordingly.