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The Company of Saint Sebastian

Picture: Some Group Members

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Company of Saint Sebastian kit and equipment standards (continued)

 


 

Armour and Sallets

 

Image: Two examples of sallets

Photograph WW Forsythe, 2009

 

Sallets

As a group we only use two types of sallet; the archers style sallet - which is open-faced - providing maximum visibility without obstructing the drawstring from a bow; and the visored sallet used in combat with polearms and other hand held weapons.

 

Commonly lined with a linen head-piece - sometimes stuffed with straw.

References for the design of sallets can be found in period artwork and from the very few originals that remain (usually in museums). Over the years, many sallets were melted down or reshaped and put to other uses (for example, the English Civil War), or enhanced to meet a later aesthetic (i.e. the Victorians).

 

 

 

We will be including pictures here shortly

 

Plate armour

 

Provides a front and back body casing. Affording significant protection over areas such as the torso. Common items included the breastplate and sometimes the backplate.

 

 

 

 

Breastplate and backplate (Cuirass)

 

The breastplate is a convex sheet of metal, shaped and turned at the deep collar and waist, protecting the front of the torso. Carefully sculpted to the wearer, the breastplate is very much an individual item. It is fastened using straps at the shoulder and waist. (Sometimes seen with a 'plackart' - protecting the stomach area).

 

The backplate is similar to the breastplate providing protection at the back of the torso. (Sometimes worn with a 'cullet' - providing protection to the lower back)

 

 

 

 

Bevor

 

Attached with arming points to the breastplate, provides additional protection to the neck area.

 

 

 

 

Harness

 

Arms: Running from the shoulders (spaulders), are jointed for flexibility with 'lames', providing a high degree of solid protection along the length of the arms (jointed at the elbows - couters).  Arm harness is often worn with discs of metal (besagews) attached from arming points or leather straps to protect vulnerable areas (e.g. armpits) at the front and back.

 

Legs: worn from the waist down; also jointed provides plate protection for the thigh (cuisse), shin and calves (greaves) and at the knee (poleyn).

 

Both types of harness can also incorporate 'side-wings' which protect the inner parts of the elbow or knees.

 

 

 

 

Brigandine

 

The brigandine is a weighty, sleeveless jacket (or body armour) made from small pieces of plate. It consists of an outer covering (leather, 'fustian', linen, velvet, silk, satin or 'cloth of gold'), the plate layer and a lining (linen or silk).

 

The plate is held together by groups of rivets (which are placed in a triangular pattern with their heads exposed through the outer covering). The garment is tailored to the individual wearer's torso and usually fastened with leather straps and buckles at the front (but in some cases were fastened at the shoulders and sides).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We will be including pictures here shortly

 

Mail

Commonly referred to as 'chain mail' since the Victorian era. Mail (derived from old French, meaning net or mesh) is used to provide additional protection, either as an all - over body garment or in selective areas. Made of riveted rings of metal. Provides protection against 'slash' injuries and limits the penetration of some weapons and has a high degree of flexibility. 

 

 

 

 

Mail standard

 

Worn as additional protection around the neck, the mail standard consists of a lined, leather collar from which mail is suspended.

 

 

 

 

 

Mail shirt

 

A body covering made from mail, they were commonly hip, or thigh length with half, three-quarter or full sleeves. Mail would good against slashes and as additional protection under armour. Could also be worn under a jack as a very effective defence against archery. Tests have proved that mail underneath a jack is far more effective than with mail as the outer layer.

 

 

 

 

 

Mail skirt

 

Worn from the waist downwards (usually to the upper thigh but sometimes as low as the knee). Provides some protection beyond the areas covered by plate armour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commission of Array

Archery & Archers' Equipment

Armour & Sallets

Padded Jacks & Arming Doublets

Pole Arms & Hand Held Weapons

Doublets & Gowns

Livery Coats

Shirts & Other Linen Garments

Joined & Single Leg Hose

Belts, Pouches & Accessories

Boots & Other Footwear

Hats & Headgear

Miscellaneous Other Items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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This site was designed by WW Forsythe and is Company of Saint Sebastian, 2009. All photographs and other artwork are property of their respective owners, used with permission and credited accordingly.