Sun Motif The Company of Saint Sebastian Picture: Some Group Members
Notes   King Henry VII (reign:1485-1509)


  Henry VII founded the House of Tudor
Henry Tudor was descended from Henry V's Queen, Catherine of Valois. He also embodied the Lancastrian claim to the throne as son of Margaret Beaufort, granddaughter of John of Gaunt.


A brief description of the different roses:
The struggles of the latter 15th Century period are popularly referred to as the Wars of the Roses - as both of the main factions had a rose as a symbol (Lancastrians - Red; Yorkists - White). Through his marriage to Elizabeth of York, Henry VII attempted to end the wars between the Yorkist and Lancastrian Households. He combined the White Rose of York and the Red Rose of Lancaster to produce the Red and White Tudor Rose.


Image: White rose of the House of York

Image: Red rose of the House of Lancaster

Image: Red and White Tudor Rose

Illustrations WW.Forsythe, 2009

  To consolidate his position, Henry Tudor ensured that he had seized and imprisoned the next Yorkist in-line to the throne, Edward, Earl of Warwick (aged 15) son of Edward IV's brother George, Duke of Clarence. Additionally Henry sought to strengthen his position further, whilst in exile, by pledging to marry Elizabeth, daughter of King Edward IV.


August Henry Tudor ascends as Henry VII (22 August).
October Coronation of Henry VII at Westminster Abbey (30 October).
January Henry marries Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV.
March Henry receives Papal dispensation from Pope Innocent, as the marriage is contrary to Church rules (Henry and Elizabeth are first cousins).
1486 The Yorkists begin to market the Pretender, Lambert Simnel, the son of a joiner from Oxford, as Edward, Earl of Warwick (imprisoned in the Tower).
May Simnel is crowned Edward VI in Dublin.
June Simnel arrives with Yorkist forces in Lancashire (4 June).

Henry's forces defeat Simnel and the Yorkists at Stoke (16 June) Simnel is captured and put to work in the palace kitchens. John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln is killed.

1491 Perkin Warbeck (a second Pretender) arrives from Flanders to Ireland professing to be Richard, Duke of York (one of the princes in the Tower). Supported by Charles VIII of France; Holy Roman Emperor, Maximillian I; and James IV of Scotland - who provides him with a substantial annual allowance.
1497 Warbeck heads an invasion to England which lands in Cornwall. Warbeck declares himself King Richard IV looking to recruiting and stirring-up the Cornish rebels who are revolting over taxes. The revolt stalls and Warbeck is captured by Henry VI. Warbeck confesses to being an impostor and is imprisoned in the Tower with Edward, Earl of Warwick.
1499 Warbeck and Warwick are executed for plotting against the King.
1501 Prince Arthur, son of Henry VII and heir to the throne, marries Princess Catherine, daughter of King Ferdinand of Aragon to form a diplomatic alliance (14 November).
1502 Prince Arthur dies of consumption. Prince Henry becomes the new heir.
1509 Henry VII dies (21 April) at Richmond Palace. Henry VIII ascends to the throne.

Information of this page has been researched from Charles Phillips 'The Complete Illustrated Guide to the Kings & Queens of Britain'



Born 28 January 1457
Reigned 1485-1509
Died 21 April 1509
Elizabeth of York 18 January 1486

King Henry IV
King Henry V
King Henry VI
King Edward IV
King Edward V
King Richard III

King Henry VII

Button: Return to Historical Context  
Useful reading  

Make a commentLet us know if you have any comments about the information on this  page